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TVK Preflight Checks Plugin

This page describes how to run TrilioVault Preflight checks before installing the solution
tvk-preflight is a kubectl plugin which checks if all the prerequisites are met before installing Triliovault for Kubernetes application in a Kubernetes cluster.
This plugin automatically generates log file for each preflight run(preflight-<date>T<time>.log) and cleanup(preflight_cleanup-<date>T<time>.log) which can be used to get more information around operations being performed by this plugin.

Pre-requisites:

  1. 1.
    krew[optional] - kubectl-plugin manager. Install from here.
  2. 2.
    kubectl - kubernetes command-line tool. Install from here.
  3. 3.
    bash(>=v3.2.x) should be present on system.
For openshift environments, if kubectl is not installed and oc binary is installed on host machine, then oc binary can be used to perform kubectl operation by creating symlink with:
sudo ln -s /usr/local/bin/oc /usr/local/bin/kubectl
  • oc binary path can found by executing which oc
  • To delete/remove symbolic links use either unlink or rm command:
    unlink /usr/local/bin/kubectl

Supported OS:

  • linux/amd64
  • linux/x86
  • linux/arm
  • linux/arm64
  • darwin/amd64
  • darwin/arm64

Checks Performed during Preflight

Preflight plugin performs checks on system where this plugin is installed and few checks are performed on the K8s cluster where current-context of kubeconfig is pointing to.
Whenever a preflight check is performed, a 6-length smallcase alphabet UID is generated for that particular preflight check. This UID is the value of the label preflight-run, which is set on every resource created during the preflight check. Also the UID is the suffix of name of every resource created during preflight check. This UID is particularly useful to perform cleanup of resources created during a particular preflight check. The following checks are included in preflight:
  1. 1.
    check-kubectl - Ensures kubectl utility is present on system. This check is skipped if the --in-cluster flag is enabled.
  2. 2.
    check-cluster-access - Ensures preflight can access the remote target cluster.
  3. 3.
    check-helm-version
    1. 1.
      Ensures helm[version>=v3.x.x] utility is present on system and pointed to the cluster.
    2. 2.
      Aborts successfully for Openshift cluster.
    3. 3.
      This check is skipped if --in-cluster flag is enabled.
  4. 4.
    check-kubernetes-version - Ensures minimum Kubernetes version >= 1.19.x
  5. 5.
    check-kubernetes-rbac - Ensures RBAC is enabled in cluster
  6. 6.
    check-csi
    1. 1.
      Checks if the following CSI apis are present on the cluster:
      • "volumesnapshotclasses.snapshot.storage.k8s.io"
      • "volumesnapshotcontents.snapshot.storage.k8s.io"
      • "volumesnapshots.snapshot.storage.k8s.io"
    2. 2.
      If not present, the missing CSI apis is created, as per the k8s server version. If k8s server version is 1.19, the above CSI apis are installed that support v1beta1 version. If k8s server version is 1.20+, the above CSI apis installs that support both v1 and v1beta1 version. Also, if volumesnapshot CRDs don't exist, any provided volume snapshot class will be overridden with default value.
  7. 7.
    check-storage-snapshot-class -
    1. 1.
      Ensures that provided storageClass is present in cluster:
      1. 1.
        Provided storageClass's provisioner [JSON Path: storageclass.provisioner] should match with provided volumeSnapshotClass's driver[JSON Path: volumesnapshotclass.driver]
      2. 2.
        If volumeSnapshotClass is not provided then, volumeSnapshotClass which satisfies condition [i] will be selected. If there's are multiple volumeSnapshotClasses satisfying condition [i], default volumeSnapshotClass[which has annotation snapshot.storage.kubernetes.io/is-default-class: "true" set] will be used for further pre-flight checks.
      3. 3.
        If volumeSnapshotClass is provided and matches with storage class provisioner, only then that volumeSnapshotClass will be used for further operations, otherwise preflight will fail with not found error.
    2. 2.
      Ensures at least one volumeSnapshotClass is marked as default in cluster if user has not provided volumeSnapshotClass as input.
  8. 8.
    check-dns-resolution -
    1. 1.
      Ensure DNS resolution works as expected in the cluster:
      • Creates a new pod (dnsutils-${UID}) then resolves kubernetes.default service from inside the pod
  9. 9.
    check_volume_snapshot -
    1. 1.
      Ensure Volume Snapshot functionality works as expected for both mounted and unmounted PVCs
      1. 1.
        Creates a Pod and PVC (source-pod-${UID} and source-pvc-${UID}).
      2. 2.
        Creates Volume snapshot (snapshot-source-pvc-${UID}) from the mounted PVC(source-pvc-${UID}).
      3. 3.
        Creates volume snapshot of unmounted PVC(source-pvc-${UID} [deletes the source pod before snapshotting].
      4. 4.
        Restores PVC(restored-pvc-${UID}) from volume snapshot of mounted PVC and creates a Pod(restored-pod-${UID}) and attaches to restored PVC.
      5. 5.
        Restores PVC(unmounted-restored-pvc-${UID}) from volume snapshot from unmounted PVC and creates a Pod(unmounted-restored-pod-${UID}) and attaches to restored PVC.
      6. 6.
        Ensure data in restored PVCs is correct[checks for a file[/demo/data/sample-file.txt] which was present at the time of snapshotting].
    2. 2.
      If check-storage-snapshot-class fails then, check_volume_snapshot check is skipped.
After all above checks are performed, cleanup of all the intermediate resources created during preflight checks' execution is done.

Installation, Upgrade, Removal of Plugins :

1. With krew:
  • Add TVK custom plugin index of krew:
    kubectl krew index add tvk-plugins https://github.com/trilioData/tvk-plugins.git
  • Installation:
    kubectl krew install tvk-plugins/tvk-preflight
  • Upgrade:
    kubectl krew upgrade tvk-preflight
  • Removal:
    kubectl krew uninstall tvk-preflight
2. Without krew:
  1. 2.
    Choose a version of preflight plugin to install and check if release assets have preflight plugin's package[preflight.tar.gz]
  2. 3.
    Set env variable version=v1.x.x [update with your desired version]. If version is not exported, latest tagged version will be considered.

Linux/macOS

  • Bash or ZSH shells
(
set -ex; cd "$(mktemp -d)" &&
OS="$(uname | tr '[:upper:]' '[:lower:]')" &&
ARCH="$(uname -m | sed -e 's/x86_64/amd64/' -e 's/\(arm\)\(64\)\?.*/\1\2/' -e 's/aarch64$/arm64/')" &&
if [[ -z ${version} ]]; then version=$(curl -s https://api.github.com/repos/trilioData/tvk-plugins/releases/latest | grep -oP '"tag_name": "\K(.*)(?=")'); fi &&
echo "Installing version=${version}" &&
package_name="preflight_${version}_${OS}_${ARCH}.tar.gz" &&
curl -fsSLO "https://github.com/trilioData/tvk-plugins/releases/download/"${version}"/${package_name}" &&
tar zxvf ${package_name} && sudo mv preflight /usr/local/bin/kubectl-tvk_preflight
)
You can verify the installation using the following command:
kubectl tvk-preflight --help

Windows

NOT SUPPORTED
Note for Dark Site Installation
  • For using the local-registry flag, it is mandatory to have busybox:latest and dnsutils:1.3 images (with the same tags) to be there in the private registry.
    Steps for pushing images to local registry
    • Pull the images (dnsutils:1.3 & busybox) to local machine.
    • use the following command to push it to the local registry
    • docker push <local registry/image>
    • Example: docker push localhost:5000/busybox

Usage

kubectl tvk-preflight [sub-command] [flags]
The preflight binary has three common flags to both the subcommands.

Common Flags

Parameter
Shorthand
Default
Description
--namespace
-n
default
Namespace of the cluster in which resources will be created, preflight checks will be performed or resources will cleaned. Default is 'default' namespace of the cluster (Optional)
--kubeconfig
-k
~/.kube/config
kubeconfig file path (Optional)
--log-level
-l
INFO
Logging level for the preflight check and cleanup. Logging levels are FATAL, ERROR, WARN, INFO, DEBUG (Optional)
--config-file
-f
yaml file path to provide inputs for run and cleanup subcommand (Optional)
--in-cluster
-i
false
Skip kubectl and helm binary check if running inside a container.
--in-cluster flag should only be set when running inside a container where kubectl and helm checks are not required.

Inputs for Preflight Checks & Cleanup

The inputs for running preflight checks and cleanup can be provided through a single file. The format of data in a file should be according to the below example:
run:
storageClass: <storage-classs>
snapshotClass: <snapshot-class>
namespace: <perform preflight checks in the given namespace>
kubeconfig: <kubeconfig file path>
inCluster: <bool>
serviceAccount: <service-account>
localRegistry: <complete path of the registry to pull the images from>
imagePullSecret: <Name of the secret while pulling images from the local registry>
cleanupOnFailure: <Boolean. If true cleans the preflight resources after a failed preflight run>
pvcStorageRequest: <Storage request value of PVC for volume snapshot check>
resources:
requests:
memory: <pod memory request for snapshot check, e.g 64Mi>
cpu: <pod cpu request for snapshot check, e.g 250m>
limits:
memory: <pod memory limit for snapshot check, e.g 128Mi>
cpu: <pod cpu limit for snapshot check, e.g 500m>
cleanup:
namespace: <clean preflight in a particular namespace>
kubeconfig: <kubeconfig file path>
logLevel: <specify logging level for cleanup>
cleanupMode: <specify the cleanup mode as 'all' or 'uid'>
uid: <This field is used when the cleanup mode is 'uid'>
  • The cleanupMode field can have two values-
    • all - This will clean all the preflight resources present in the given namespace.
    • uid - This will clean resources of preflight with the given uid in the given namespace.
  • The user can override the values given in file using CLI flags.
  • The input fields should be present in the correct hierarchical order. An incorrect key or input field will result in an error and preflight checks will error out.

Preflight Checks

Run a preflight check with predefined values using a sample file. Download the file using below commands:
By wget:
wget https://raw.githubusercontent.com/trilioData/tvk-plugins/main/docs/preflight/sample_file.yaml
By curl:
curl https://raw.githubusercontent.com/trilioData/tvk-plugins/main/docs/preflight/sample_file.yaml -o sample_file.yaml

Examples

--namespace
--kubeconfig
--log-level
--config-file
With --namespace:
kubectl tvk-preflight [sub-command] [sub-command flags] --namespace <namespace of the cluster>
Using shorthand notation:
kubectl tvk-preflight [sub-command] [sub-command flags] -n <namespace of the cluster>
With --kubeconfig:
kubectl tvk-preflight [sub-command] [sub-command flags] --kubeconfig <kubeconfig file path>
Using shorthand notation:
kubectl tvk-preflight [sub-command] [sub-command flags] -k <kubeconfig file path>
With --log-level:
kubectl tvk-preflight [sub-command] [sub-command flags] --log-level <logging level>
Using shorthand notation:
kubectl tvk-preflight [sub-command] [sub-command flags] -l <logging level>
With --config-file
kubectl tvk-preflight [sub-command] [sub-command flags] --config-file <yaml input file path>
Using shorthand notation:
kubectl tvk-preflight [sub-command] [sub-command flags] -f <yaml input file path>

Preflight Binary Subcommands

There are two subcommands to the preflight binary:
  • run - To perform preflight checks.
  • cleanup - To clean the resources generated during failed preflight checks.

1. run

run sub-command performs the actual preflight checks on the system and on the Kubernetes cluster where the system's kubeconfig is pointing to in the given namespace. The following table lists the associated flags:
Parameter
Default
Description
--storage-class
Name of storage class being used in k8s cluster (Needed)
--volume-snapshot-class
Name of volume snapshot class being used in k8s cluster (Optional)
--local-registry
Name of the local registry from where the images will be pulled (Optional)
--image-pull-secret
Name of the secret for authentication while pulling the images from the local registry (Optional)
--service-account
Name of the service account (Optional)
--cleanup-on-failure
false
Deletes/Cleans all resources created for that particular preflight check from the cluster even if the preflight check fails. For successful execution of preflight checks, the resources are deleted from cluster by default (Optional)
--requests
cpu=250m,memory=64Mi
Pod CPU and memory request for DNS and volume snapshot check. Memory and CPU values must be specified in a comma separated format. (Optional)
--limits
cpu=500m,memory=128Mi
Pod CPU and memory limit for DNS and volume snapshot check. Memory and CPU values must be specified in a comma separated format. (Optional)
--pvc-storage-request
1Gi
PVC storage request for performing volume snapshot check. (Optional)
--node-selector
Node selector labels for scheduling pods on a set of particular nodes of a cluster (Optional)

Examples:

Storage class is a required flag for the run subcommand. With
--volume-snapshot-class
--local-registry & --service-account
--image-pull-secret
--cleanup-on-failure
--requests
--limits
--node-selector
With --volume-snapshot-class: Performs preflight checks on the cluster with the given volumeSnapshotClass in the given namespace.
kubectl tvk-preflight --storage-class <storageclass name> --volume-snapshot-class <volumeSnapshotClass name>
  • With --local-registry | --service-account: Performs preflight checks on the cluster with the given local-registry and service-account in the given namespace.
kubectl tvk-preflight run --storage-class <storageclass name> --local-registry <local registry file path/name> --service-account <service account name>
With --image-pull-secret: To use image-pull-secret, local-registry flag value must be provided. Vice-versa is not true.
kubectl tvk-preflight run --storage-class <storageclass name> --local-registry <local registry file path/name> --image-pull-secret <image pull secret name>th --cleanup-on-failure: If preflight checks fail, the resources generated during preflight will be cleaned.
kubectl tvk-preflight run --storage-class <storageclass name> --cleanup-on-failure
With --requests: A resource request is specified in key-value format, joined by =. Multiple resource requests can be specified in a comma separated format.
kubectl tvk-preflight run --storage-class <storageclass name> --requests cpu=200m,memory=96Mi
With --limits: A resource limit is specified in key-value format, joined by =. Multiple resource limits can be specified in a comma separated format.
kubectl tvk-preflight run --storage-class <storageclass name> --limits cpu=400m,memory=128Mi
With --node-selector: Multiple labels for node selection can be specified in a comma separated format. Where each label can be specified in a format <label-key>=<label-value>.
kubectl tvk-preflight run --storage-class <storageclass name> --node-selector <label-key1>=<label-value1>,<label-key2>=<label-value2

Pod Scheduling

The pods of preflight run can be made to schedule on a particular set of nodes of cluster by specifying the labels for node selection, node affinity, pod affinity/anti-affinity and taints and toleration.
The labels except node-selector can only be specified through a config file of preflight run. Currently, it is not possible to specify pod and node affinity and tolerations through CLI flags.
Please refer below examples for specifying labels onto the pods of preflight run.

Examples

Node selection
Node-affinity
Pod-affinity/anti-affinity
Taints & Toleration
run:
...
podSchedulingOptions:
nodeSelector:
node-sel-key: node-sel-value
...
run:
...
podSchedulingOptions:
affinity:
nodeAffinity:
requiredDuringSchedulingIgnoredDuringExecution:
nodeSelectorTerms:
- matchExpressions:
- key: pref-node-affinity
operator: In
values:
- high
- key: pref-node-affinity
operator: NotIn
values:
- low
preferredDuringSchedulingIgnoredDuringExecution:
- weight: 1
preference:
matchExpressions:
- key: pref-node-affinity
operator: NotIn
values:
- medium
...
run:
...
podSchedulingOptions:
affinity:
podAffinity:
requiredDuringSchedulingIgnoredDuringExecution:
- labelSelector:
matchExpressions:
- key: pref-pod-affinity
operator: In
values:
- medium
- key: pref-node-affinity
operator: NotIn
values:
- high
topologyKey: preflight-topology
podAntiAffinity:
preferredDuringSchedulingIgnoredDuringExecution:
- weight: 1
podAffinityTerm:
labelSelector:
matchExpressions:
- key: pref-pod-affinity
operator: In
values:
- low
topologyKey: preflight-topology
...
run:
...
podSchedulingOptions:
tolerations:
- key: pref-node-taint
operator: Equal
value: pref-node-toleration
effect: NoSchedule
...

2. cleanup

  • cleanup subcommand cleans/deletes the resources created during failed preflight checks and not cleaned up on failure.
  • The cleanup command will clean all the resources generated due to preflight checks in the given namespace.
  • Users can clean resources of a particular preflight check by specifying the uid of the preflight check.

Flags:

Parameter
Default
Description
--uid
A 6-length character string generated during preflight check

Examples:

Without uid
With uid
Cleans all the preflight resources present on the cluster in the given namespace.
kubectl tvk-preflight cleanup --namespace <namespace of the cluster>
Cleans the resources of particular preflight check on the cluster in the given namespace
kubectl tvk-preflight cleanup --uid <generated UID of the preflight check> --namespace <namespace of the cluster>
If namespace is not specified then, cleanup will be performed in default namespace of the cluster.